I have been reading a lot on and off about the murder of Anna Mae Aquash trial….blogs…THE UNQUIET GRAVE….a discussion group called alt.native where much arguing takes place…

There are basically two sides…One that says John Graham and Richard Marshall are guilty and the other side that says the FBI is equally responsible….I tend to side with the latter group. I have two major reasons one is that the FBI has continually supported a known rapist and killer ex congressman and governor Bill Janklow during the years AIM was most active on Pine Ridge. The second reason is that while I have opened my blog to the supporters of the FBI when ever I question ANYTHING I get a hostile response. Not sort of hostile but ugly hostile. This is an exchange from my other blog ONCE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST…. with a pro FBI/convict John Graham/Richard Marshall supporter who goes by the name Snapple (whom I suspect is retired SAC Joseph Trimbach) I had put up a video on the main page of my blog  at his request  but apparently he could not see it…so this is the comment he left. I responded to it in bold and parenthesis.

You are obviously a stupid little idiot who is not able to argue honestly if you choose to make something of an older person’s typing error. And lazy and dishonest not to post TWo Elk’s recent video.

I have given you the youtube link a few times.


Monica and Anna Mae both were both reportedly in a relationship to Dennis Banks, although he was married to Ka-Mook.(Noo….Monica Charles says she was not in a relationship with Dennis Banks and what is your source to such a claim? Do you just throw that stuff out there hoping a sex scandal will spice things up? You sound like the NATIONAL ENQUIRER!)

Monica’s brother (where do you get your information??? Do you think everybody with the last name of Charles is Monicas brother???) Norman was allegedly with Peltier when the FBI agents were shot.

Monica is pretty much at ground zero and spends a lot of time discrediting Indians such as Richard Two Elk and Ka-Mook, who have told the authorities what they witnessed so that there would be evidence to take to court.(Didn’t Ka-Mook get paid 49,000 for her testimony? She basically testified heresay and seven months later married one of the governments lead investigators in the  Anna Mae Aquash case. From what I understand Richard Two Elk’s testimony is so bad and he has put out so many conflicting stories that he is not taken too seriously on the stand….or by PBS.)

Here is something Two Elk said about what Dennis Banks ordered boys to do during the occupation:

“I was there, at Wounded Knee. At the age of 19, I backpacked weapons and supplies into the village with my AIM brothers. I remember it was near Easter, because that’s when our leader, Dennis Banks, ordered us to ‘take care’ of a young white guy, suspected of being an informant. We knew what that meant. We strung him up on a cross in a mock crucifixion, and beat him. After we took him down, they led him away and I don’t think he was ever heard from again.”(Richard Two Elk has apparently written several different versions of this incident…If this is true why have the FBI not prosecuted him for murder???)


Agnes Gildersleeve testified that Indian people were held in a church and threatened with guns. AIM took over a disabled man’s trailer and other people’s homes.

Agnes recounts:

“[AIM] took complete control of the telephone service and local residents were not permitted to answer any of the phones. When my phone would ring, an armed guard would immediately answer the phone and direct the call over to [disabled Wilber Reigert’s stolen] trailer house where Banks, Means, and Bellecourt were located…” (Trimbach p. 88) (The Gildersleeves were well known for taking advantage of Native Americans at their trading post…selling objects offensive to Native Americans. Here is Steve Hendricks talking about the Gildersleeves:

Tim Giago writes that I unfairly impugned the honor of the late Clive and Agnes Gildersleeve. The Gildersleeves owned the trading post at Wounded Knee, which was looted by militants who had seized the village to protest oppression on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and beyond. Sloppily lumping my book The Unquiet Grave with Peter Matthiessen’s In The Spirit of Crazy Horse, Giago writes, “In [the two books], you will read about a ‘white man’ and a woman often referred to as a ‘white woman,’ although Agnes Gildersleeve was an Ojibwa woman, who ‘ripped off’ the local Lakota people. This apparently justifies the attacks upon them and the destruction of their business.”

I did not write that Ms. Gildersleeve was white, did not use the words “ripped off” (though they are not far from the truth), and did not excuse the attack on them or their business. I did explain why many Indians hated the business:

“Its owners, the Gildersleeve and Czywczynski families, had strewn billboards for seventy-five miles that announced, SEE THE WOUNDED KNEE MASSACRE SITE, VISIT THE MASS GRAVE. POSTCARDS, CURIOS, DON’T MISS IT! The postcards showed slaughtered Indians, including Chief Big Foot, frozen in the 1890 snow. The traders enlivened their commerce with beadwork, quilts, and other curios bought low from Oglalas and sold high. A Catholic priest once watched Mrs. Czywczynski barter a beader to a stingy $3.50 for an exquisite work, then turn around and sell it for $12.00. The traders doubled as creditors, lending their Indian patrons $10 at humble interest of $2.25 a week. As village postmasters, they also offered a rudimentary auto-payment–opening the mail of customers who had run tabs, cashing their checks without asking, paying their bills at the post, and calling other shopkeepers across the reservation to see if debts were owed them too. There had been calls to boycott the post, but none had worked. The post was the only store for a dozen miles, and the many carless Oglalas of Wounded Knee had no choice but to buy groceries and other wares at its inflated prices. Years later Clive Gildersleeve was called to testify about his business practices, and he invoked his Fifth Amendment right not to incriminate himself ninety-nine times.”

Giago goes on to paint me as an apologist for the American Indian Movement, which led the Indian rights struggle of the 1970s. This is rank distortion. Mine was the first book to describe AIM’s secret killing inside Wounded Knee of an activist named Ray Robinson, and the book’s centerpiece was AIM’s infamous execution of Anna Mae Aquash two years later. As Giago well knows, I condemned AIM sharply for these and lesser brutalities, and more than one AIM leader has threatened me for my pains. What riles Giago is that I also praised AIM (the overwhelming majority of whose members were peaceful) for fighting oppression, and I denuded the oppressors, from small-timers like the Gildersleeves to big-timers like the FBI, the latter of which persistently goaded AIM to just the sort of violence it committed. In Indian Country, the haves like Giago have long fought to keep the have-nots in their place. It is one reason the have-nots are still so multitudinous.

The problem I have aside from the hostility is that this side is always reduced to anger and sex towards women…The accusation that Monica Charles was sleeping with Dennis Banks is just mean and vile. Monica denies this and I believe her…I’m not judgmental she wasn’t married….and even if it was true and I don’t believe it is….what the hell does that have to do with any thing? Could we get a list of Richard Two Elks and Paul Demains lovers..does anyone bring that up??? So basically what I find when I ask any questions from the pro-conviction of John Graham/Richard Marshall side is the unreasonable hostile responses. On the other hand when ever I ask Monica Charles, David Seals (who has been subpoenaed by the defense) or Steve Hendricks author of  THE UNQUIET GRAVE. They have no problem answering questions…its just the difference of people who have something to hide or are covering up something and those who just want real justice…no matter the outcome.

But that has just been my experience.

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  1. flagq says:

    Hi, Justfound you, will be checking in soon with my new book about the Anna Mae case.

  2. Michael Posluns says:

    I don’t have a lot to say about this, though I have been following the Anna Mae issue as much as I can from a great distance since the first news of her death. I am interested in this analysis both out of my longstanding interest in First Nations issues (I have been doing paralegal work with First Nations in Canada for about 40 years) and because I am working on a book with the working title of “The metaphysics of Indian hating,” a phrase that first appeared as a chapter title in Herman Melville’s 1857 novel _The Confidence Man_ and was later used as a subtitle in Richard Drinnon’s _Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian hating and Empire Building_. I do have an impression that the resistance at Wounded Knee in 1973(?) stirred up a lot of latent hatred among American political leaders (and presumably amongst their voters).

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